• Return Home
  • Contact Us

Eliminate Costly Kerosene Blending

6/1/2012


June, 2012

 

Kerosene Blending vs Winterization Additives 



For many years the diesel fuel (and fuel oil) consuming industry has utilized kerosene (No. 1-D) fuel as a blending component to lower the winter cold flow filter plugging (CFPP) temperature of No. 2-D fuels.  The more waxy (higher paraffin content) No. 2-D fuels are typically blended with lower wax content kerosene fuels in order to reduce the paraffin in the final fuel mixture and reduce the CFPP of the "blended fuel".
 
This "blending" technique has been done despite the proven loss of horsepower production and the significant reduction in fuel efficiency (fuel economy) with the kerosene blended fuels *

And, while kerosene blending was an easy and marginally effective method for minimizing diesel powered equipment winter operational issues in the past, that is not the case with the ultra low sulfur diesel fuels (ULSD) of today.  

Today's ULSD fuels respond very poorly to the addition of kerosene and the final blends do not provide significant winter cold flow property improvements unless a substantial percentage (50 percent or more) of kerosene is added to the ULSD fuels.

The higher kerosene blend requirement further reduces the engine power production and more dramatically decreases equipment fuel efficiency (fuel economy). 

Amalgamated, Inc has published various reports and laboratory data over the years to indicate that winterization additives can provide better diesel fuel cold flow properties than blending with kerosene (or No. 1-D) fuel. 
 
This report documenting laboratory testing clearly demonstrates the need for higher and higher kerosene blend percentages in ULSD fuels to achieve marginal winter operating protection.  

The report further shows the more noteworthy (and cost effective) comparison solution of utilizing the right winterization chemical additive(s) to lower the cold flow properties of ULSD fuels.  The right winterization chemical additive(s) will provide considerably better winter weather operating protection without the horsepower production losses and fuel economy sacrifices.
 

 * Kerosene contains less BTU (energy) content than No. 2-D fuel.  The incorporation of kerosene into No. 2-D fuel will lower the total energy content of the mixture which reduces the available engine power output.  


  
Kerosene Blending vs Winterization Additives

Lab Test Results - Kerosene Blends vs Amalgamated, Inc. Additive Treated Fuel
 

 Lab Fuel #

Base  CP(F)

Base  PP (F)

Base
CFPP(F)

CFPP With  40%Kerosene

CFPP With  60% Kerosene

Additive
Treated* 
PP (F) 
Additive   Treated * CFPP (F)
36627
(Dracut, MA)

 +13.9

 -8

 +12

 +0 

 -8 

  -48

 -25

36346(Nashville,TN)

+12.9 

 -14

+11 

  -1

  -9

  -48

 -34 

36355
(Albany, NY)

+12.0 

 -10

 +12

 +1 

  -13

  -46

 -33 

36843 (Greencastle,PA)

+12.0 

 -14

+9 

  -1

 -11 

 -50 

 -38

36354(Findley,OH)

+8.7 

-20 

+2 

  -11

 -21 

 -74 

 -31 

36447
(West Fargo,ND)

+8.0 

 -28

 +4

 -8 

  -20

  -80

 -33 

36345
(Salem, IL)

 +7.4

 -10

 +7

  -6

 -15 

  -34

 -26 

36405
(Koekuk, IA)

+5.0 

-16 

+5 

  -6

 -15 

 -46 

 -39 

36406 (Freemont, IN)

 +1.0

 -28

+1 

 -6 

-15

 -64 

 -40 

36972
(Fond DuLac,WI)

+1.0

-28

+1

 -13

-27

 -66

 -42

36445
(Cadillac, MI)

-.0.2

-28

-16

 -20

-28

 -54

 -42

36467
(Tomah, WI)

-1.0

-30

-3

 -15

-23

 -72

 -36

 * Diesel fuel treated with Amalgamated, Inc. (AMAL-070109-W) Winter Diesel Fuel Additive only (no kerosene).

You may request samples of AMAL-070109-W Winter Diesel Fuel Additive for testing with your own diesel fuels through our contact us page.

 

The "True" Cost of Blending Kerosene vs Winter Additive


Basis of calculations for ULSD
 
Diesel fuel (with taxes) cost per gallon                            = $4.00

Kerosene (with taxes) cost per gallon                              =$4.25

Blend required to lower CFPP by 20F from base fuel   =60%

Additive treat cost (cents) per gallon of diesel fuel*    = 5.475

Diesel vehicle average fuel economy (MPG) of fuel     = 6.00

Average fuel economy loss with 60% kerosene blend  30%
 
 
60% Kerosene Blend Cost Analysis
 
Diesel fuel @ $4.00 / gallon x 40 gallons  = $160.00
 
+ Kerosene @ $4.25 / gallon x 60 gallons = $255.00  
                                                                           =$ 415.00 per 
                                                                              100 gallons of fuel
 
Blended cost per gallon of fuel
($ 415.00 divide by 100 gallons) = $ 4.15
 
Blended fuel economy  30% loss
(6.00 x 70%) = 4.20 mpg

Blended fuel cost per mile
($ 4.15 divided by  4.20 MPG) = $0.9881
 
 
Winter Additive Cost Analysis
 
Diesel fuel @ $4.00 / gallon x 100 gallons = $400.00
 
+ Additive* @ 5.475 cents per gallon x 100 = $5.475 
= $405.475 per 100 gallons of fuel
 
 Additized cost per gallon of fuel
($405.475 divided by 100 gallons) =$4.05475
 
Additized fuel economy 
 
(no loss in MPG with additive)= 6.00 mpg
Additized fuel cost per mile               
($4.05475 divided by 6.00 MPG)= $0.6758
 
 
Net Fuel "Cost per Mile Savings"
with Additive Treated Diesel Fuel *= $0.3123


* Amalgamated, Inc. AMAL-070109-W Winter Diesel Fuel Additive